Periodontal disease, more commonly known as gum disease, is an infection of the gum tissue and bones surrounding the teeth that are caused by bacteria found in plaque. Plaque is a sticky film of leftover food particles and bacteria that forms on your teeth.
When plaque is not regularly removed by brushing or flossing, it hardens into tartar and becomes even harder to remove. If left on the gum line for too long, the bacteria in plaque can cause infection of the gums and supporting bone structure. This is known as periodontitis, which can affect your gums, teeth, and overall health. If not diagnosed and treated early, severe periodontitis can lead to tooth loss.
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to practice good oral hygiene, such as daily brushing and flossing and regular professional cleanings. At Riverside Tooth Co, our dentist will determine how often you should have a professional cleaning based on the health of your gums and the severity of gum disease symptoms. During your visit, the dentist will also evaluate the health of your gums and look for any signs of gum disease.